There are many different conservation causes around the world that justify the implementation of rules and regulations to protect wildlife. The loss of biodiversity in natural habitats harms both the habitats and creatures living in them and humans who use natural resources. Fishing for commercial and even recreational purposes can contribute to this destruction. Hence why it is vital to adhere to the fishing regulations set by local governments.
Threats to biodiversity continue to grow and knowing how to conserve the environment is becoming increasingly important. Learn about some of the most significant causes of conservation efforts today and the causes of habitat destruction.
What are the causes of habitat destruction?
A wide range of different conservation causes are driving decisions made about natural resources. It is important to understand how to conserve and steps you can take to keep natural resources and habitats from being diminished. Below, some threats to biodiversity are listed and described.
- Agriculture is one of the leading causes of conservation because it requires an extensive amount of land to mass produce foods for country-wide consumption. One of many factors affecting biodiversity comes from clearing natural habitats that support the wildlife in those areas to plant agricultural crops.
- Building houses or large structures for corporations contributes to the loss of biodiversity around the world. The land is either used to build houses on or the resources on the land taken to use as materials. Both take form as causes of habitat destruction and harm to wildlife.
- Destroying wetlands like marshes and swamps also contributes to different conservation causes because the ecosystems in these areas are very diverse and unique to the habitat. Wetlands are most often destroyed in order for humans to build structures on top of them.
- Invasive species present another cause of conservation because they invade new habitats and take resources away from the native species in those areas. Global travel allows invasive species transportation to unfamiliar habitats where they often have little to no competition, reproducing quickly and harming the well-being of other wildlife.
- Disease due to disturbed and unhealthy ecosystems increases along with the other factors impacting biodiversity. Weakened environments have trouble fighting off harmful organisms such as bacteria and fungi, causing biodiversity degradation.
How does the loss of biodiversity affect the planet?
The loss of biodiversity in ecosystems is extremely harmful to the surrounding habitats. Humans, plants and animals are susceptible to the effects of reduced biodiversity.
- Species reduction and extinction can result from a loss of biodiversity from habitat destruction. When the environments they are adapted to are destroyed, plants and animals often have trouble adapting to new environmental conditions. They struggle to find proper food sources, shelter and stop reproducing, causing population declines and sometimes eventual extinction.
- Pollutionis an outcome of human development. Chemical runoff from farms, factories and other human sources pollute water bodies and ecosystems. Gases released from cars and burning fossil fuels pollute the air and nonbiodegradable waste litters the ground and oceans, affecting the wildlife it meets.
- Damage to water resources through pollution and depletion is another significant cause of conservationthat wildlife is facing. Development facilities require the unnatural redirection of water flow, leaving less water for the environments it usually sustains and causing drier conditions and lower water levels.
- Climate change is the most substantial of all causes of conservation because it encompasses all habitats, ecosystems and resources worldwide. The impacts of reduced biodiversity, pollution, disease, invasive species and human construction all come together to produce a change in the behavior of the planet. The threats to biodiversity and causes of habitat destruction worsen significantly if we do not combat global warming. Increased temperatures from excess carbon dioxide warm the Earth more rapidly and unnaturally. This causes more severe weather events, loss of habitats and fish species, extended drought periods, harsher conditions for agriculture and many more destructive calamities that also affect human well-being.
What are some ways you can help conserve the environment?
It is never too late to combat the factors affecting biodiversity by lending a hand to environmental conservation. The different causes of conservation are widespread and extremely harmful, so if you ever found yourself asking, “How can I help in conservation of the environment?” review some of the useful tips below.
- Use natural resources sparingly. Do not be wasteful when using resources and dispose of waste in an environmentally healthy manner. Learn more about the different ways to conserve by reducing your waste output and ecological footprint.
- Teach others about biodiversity and why it is important. Education is the best way to spread awareness and tell others how to help preserve species biodiversity and the environment.
- Create and enforce policies. Encourage local governments to pay attention to the problems surrounding the causes of conservation and insist that they start fighting against them. Hold industries and companies accountable for their harmful impacts on the environment so they will implement more sustainable practices.
- Take action to help. Rather than just telling others how they can help, take action against the destruction of habitats, biodiversity and environmental health. Research sustainable living styles and organizations to get involved with so you can lend a hand in protecting wildlife.