Angling is a diverse method of fishing that is practiced both competitively and recreationally by millions of individuals around the world. Angling has withstood the test of time as one of the most prominent methods of fishing for sport and for catching food. The history of angling is centuries old and dates back to the Ancient Egyptians and is featured in the history of many cultures around the world.
Angling has been a passion for many individuals even before the International Game Fish Association was founded in 1939. There are hundreds of angling competitions held every year just in the United States with some having prizes worth millions of dollars. Recreational angling is also popular enough that most vacation spots near water will have rental gear available for visitors to use. The world of angling is so vast that there is sure to be a type of angling for every age and fishing level. If you are interested in learning more about angling, you can continue reading the sections below.
What is angling?
Angling is a method of fishing that involves using a rod, line and hook to catch fish. Modern angling fishing rods usually also come equipped with a reel to help cast and retrieve the line more easily. However, not all angling techniques require a reel and some are more successful even without that advantage. Angling has been practiced all over the world for centuries, which has created a diverse number of techniques for catching different species of fish. There are angling fishing methods available for catching almost every type of fish and methods for every skill level. Whether you are interested in angling sport fishing or recreational fishing, there is an angling technique for everyone.
What fish can be caught with angling techniques?
Angling techniques are vast and help anglers of all levels to catch a wide range of fish. Angling allows individuals to catch almost all types of freshwater and saltwater fish with one technique or another, but the level of difficulty varies depending on the type of fish and technique. For example, bank fishing is useful for catching small freshwater fish, but you will not be able to catch big game fish by only standing on the edge of the water. A variety of different angling techniques are required for catching large saltwater game fish like tuna, and those methods are usually more advanced. To learn more about angling techniques for catching specific fish, you can continue reading, below.
What gear do I need for angling?
For basic angling, you will only need the following gear:
As previously stated, modern angling rods also come equipped with a reel and there are many deals available for simple rod and reel sets for beginners. Most angling techniques can be accomplished with a basic fishing rod, but there are also specific techniques like fly fishing, that require a different rod, reel and type of lure. Deep sea angling usually requires heavier tackle as you will be fishing for much larger and stronger fish. For angling, the weight, type and material of your gear may change depending on the technique you are using and what fish you are trying to catch, but the three basic tackle elements will never change.
How much does angling gear cost?
Angling gear can cost anywhere between $100 and $1,000 depending on the type of gear you need and the angling level you are on. Beginning anglers can easily find all the gear and supplies they need for $100 or less, and they can also rent gear on trips if they are not ready for the commitment of owning and maintaining their own tackle. For experienced anglers, especially those involved in big game fishing, tackle can cost thousands of dollars for certain fishing techniques and competitions. Angling is a recreational activity that can accommodate all participants, regardless of budget, as there is tackle available for all levels and methods.
What are the best fishing rods?
The best fishing rods for angling are the ones that best meet your needs as an angler. Angling is a diverse pastime that has a great deal of fishing rod types available for different techniques, and for anglers of different ages and levels. Spinning rods and reels are the most common type of fishing rod and reel combos, and are usually recommended for beginners. However, if you are interested in specific angling techniques, such as fly fishing, you will need fly fishing rods and reel. Angling rods can be made of the following material:
- Carbon fiber
Each material has a different utility, strength and price range. For beginning anglers, basic fiberglass rods usually have the most durability and are the most affordable. You can view other rod options for different techniques, here.
What are the best fishing lines?
Angling fishing lines come in different lengths and diameters to suit the type of fishing you will be doing. For example, big game angling will require a thicker and stronger line to prevent the line from snapping when reeling in a struggling, 45 pound fish. Anglers have a variety of fishing line weight classes and thicknesses to choose from based on angling techniques, fish type and personal preference. The following are the most common fishing lines available:
- Monofilament is usually used for smaller freshwater fish, but heavier weights can be used for large, saltwater fish as well.
- Braided fishing line is considered a tougher, more durable fishing line that can stand up to a large, struggling fish.
- Fluorocarbon is a nearly invisible angling fishing line that is usually used as a leader line.
Should I use bait or fishing lures?
Depending on the types of angling you will be doing, you can choose to use live bait or fishing lures. Angling fishing techniques, such as jigging, are most successfully done with fishing lures called jigs, which are specialized for creating the jerky movements commonly used in jigging. On the other hand, still fishing benefits from using live bait, as the bait will make the movement for you and entice the fish in the area. The angling techniques you prefer to use will ultimately decide whether you use bait or lures for fishing, as well as the type of fish you are looking to catch. Angling is versatile, and you can use a variety of different tackle, including baits and lures, for the same techniques depending on your preferred fishing style.
Are there regulations for angling?
Angling regulations exist to protect endangered fishing populations and ensure that no species is overfished or depleted. To guarantee that these angling regulations are obeyed, all anglers are required to obtain a fishing license. With a valid fishing license, anglers will learn the following:
- When specific fishing seasons are
- What fish they are allowed to catch
- What fish are endangered
- What fish they are required to catch and release
- What fishing laws apply specifically to their state
License for angling also serve to help conservation efforts, as license proceeds go towards fish population research and habitat conservation. To learn more about angling regulations and how to obtain a fishing license, you can continue reading here.
Where can you go angling?
You can go angling in almost every body of water as permitted by law. Some angling spots can only be accessed during certain times of the year due to weather conditions or certain state regulations, but almost all bodies of water are fair game in angling. Places such as the following are common angling spots that can be easily accessed locally by most anglers:
If you are looking to catch a specific fish, your angling options may be more limited, as you will need to narrow down your options to only locations that have that specific species. Angling techniques are not as limiting, as it is easy to perform a variety of different techniques on the same body of water.
What are the best angling destinations?
The best angling destination are often large bodies of water that can sustain a high volume of fish. The following angling destinations are some of the best in the United States:
- The Great Lakes, especially Lake Michigan.
- The Florida Keys, which isa great spot for recreational and big game fishing.
- The California coast, most prominently San Diego.
- The upper East Coast, such as Main and Massachusetts.
Before planning an angling trip to any of the aforementioned destinations, be sure to check local fishing regulations and seasons to ensure that you will be able to do the type of fishing you want and catch the type of fish you are interested in. For more information on great angling destinations, you can click, here.
What are the best angling techniques for beginners?
The best angling techniques for beginners usually require minimal effort and are intuitive to new anglers. The following are angling techniques that are recommended to beginners:
- Bank Fishing – Bank fishing is one of the most common fishing techniques because of its simplicity and accessibility. This angling technique only require basic tackle and beginners will find it easy to start by fishing on the banks of any available body of water.
- Tenkara Fishing – This angling technique is an easier and more relaxed version of fly fishing. Beginners who are interested in fly fishing can start with tenkara fishing, which is not as technique heavy and puts less pressure on the angler.
- Still Fishing – Still fishing is a simple angling technique that can be use in any body of water from the shore, on a boat or on a dock. Beginners will find still fishing very straightforward, as it is simple and does not require skill as much as patience.
What are the different angling techniques?
There are a variety of different angling techniques that can be utilized in different situations and in catching different types of fish. As you being angling, you can try different techniques and see which ones you prefer and which ones help you accomplish your fishing goals. If you are interested in competitive angling, you can focus on techniques that are commonly used to catch game fish. Similarly, if you prefer fishing on the open ocean rather than in freshwater, you can learn techniques that are more useful for catching saltwater fish. You can learn more about the different angling techniques available and what they are used for by reading the sections available, below.
What is casting?
Casting in angling is using your rod and line to throw your bait or lure into the water. The way you cast depends on the angling technique you are using and the type of rod you are using, but casting usually described as a forward flicking motion of your rod. Every angling technique requires you to cast your line into a body of water but some techniques require more precision than others. For beginning anglers, simple rod flicking is enough to cast your line into the water and you can practice how to better aim your cast over time. As you learn more advanced angling techniques, you will also learn more complex casting methods.
What is surfcasting?
Surfcasting in angling is most often used in surf fishing and can be done from the shoreline or while wading in the shallow surf. Surf fishing is a type of angling that is practiced by competitive and recreational anglers year round and is very popular in coastal communities. Because of the ocean waves and currents, surfcasting can be more difficult to accomplish than the basic casting methods used in other types of fishing such a still fishing. Angling while wading in the water can often make surfcasting easier, as you will not need to cast your line as far to avoid ocean currents or the waves crashing on the seashore.
What is kayak fishing?
Kayak fishing is an exciting option for anglers looking to explore different bodies of water. Freshwater kayak fishing may provide a more serene experience, with the opportunity to remain quiet on the water. Saltwater kayak fishing, however, can be rougher and more adventurous, providing anglers with the opportunity to hunt gamefish. When it comes to tips for kayak fishing, note that you can simply use your standard rod, reel, line and bait. However, when fishing in a kayak, it is also important to review kayak fishing tips related to securing your rod to your vessel, so you can use your hands for other tasks, especially if you are fishing solo.
What is bottom fishing?
Learning how to bottom fish is beneficial for anglers who prefer to fish in deep bodies of water. Bottom fishing is geared toward catching certain species of ground fish, like crappie and catfish. Since the bottom fishing technique tends to be a more advanced method, beginning anglers should learn about the proper equipment needed and the skills necessary to catch different deep-water species. Basic bottom fishing means selecting proper bottom fishing bait, as well as bottom fishing rigs, like fish finder rigs or knocker rigs. In addition, bottom fishing techniques can be utilized either from ashore or while at sea.
What is kite fishing?
Kite fishing is a type of angling that involves fishing with the help of a kite. In kite fishing, you would attach your line to a kite and use it to increase your casting range by a great deal. Kite fishing from shore and from a boat both serve the same purpose, as the kite allows your line and lure to reach greater distances. You can even use your kite fishing kite to reach delicate or dangerous areas that you cannot traverse in a boat. You can obtain a kite fishing kit online and at most major retailers if you are interested in getting started. To learn more about kite fishing techniques, you may need to know before you start kite fishing, you can continue reading here.
What is remote control fishing?
Remote control fishing is a non-traditional form of fishing that involves using an RC fishing boat to catch fish. Using a remote control fishing boat on family fishing trips can make fishing more interactive for younger children who cannot yet knot, bait and cast their own lines yet. Remote control fishing also allows for easy access to hard to reach areas of a lake or access to shallow groves where many fish like to hide. Non-motorizes RC fishing boats are also quiet enough not to scare any nearby fish and are a great tool to have when looking to catch fish that are line shy and like to spend their time in groves, like walleye. To learn more about remote control fishing and the fishing techniques you can use with it, click here.
What is kontiki fishing?
Kontiki fishing is popular form of fishing practiced all over the world. Learning how to fish with a kontiki vessel is not as intuitive as other forms of fishing, and may take some practice in order to master. Although kontiki fishing is not often recommended to beginning anglers, it can be very fun after some practice. Kontiki fishing rigs traditionally have sails that take them out to sea, however, modern kontiki rigs are electronically powered and come with an electronic winch to make them easier to use. Kontiki fishing systems are made up of very long lines with about 25 hooks attached to it. Anglers will need to bait every hook before casting the vessel out to sea for the best results.
What is pitch fishing?
Pitch fishing is a useful fishing technique that is most often used in bass fishing. The pitch fishing technique is most utilized when trying to catch bass in shallow or enclosed areas, like bushes, tree roots or shrubbery in the water. Both flipping and pitching are good methods of getting bait in hard to reach places in ways that will not scare away the nearby bass. Mastering how to do a pitch catch or a flip can take a lot of time and practice, and you may often need to consult some sort of guide.
What is tenkara fishing?
Tenkara fishing is a Japanese method of fly fishing that is slightly easier than traditional fly fishing. The tenkara fishing method offers beginners an easy alternative to fly fishing and gives veteran anglers a new and easy method of fishing to learn. A tenkara rod is specifically required for this fishing method, but they are relatively affordable and easy to assemble. The rod is needed to correctly execute tenkara fishing techniques and ensure that you are using this method correctly.Tenkara fly fishing offers an easy and more relaxing form of fly fishing to both new and experienced anglers to enjoy. For more information on tenkara fishing methods and what fish you can catch with this technique, click here.
What is bank fishing?
Bank fishing is a common and convenient form of fishing that most anglers start off with. Bank fishing spots are easily accessible, as you can easily bank fish from the edge of any nearby stream, lake, river or pond. Whether you are bank fishing at night or during the day, there are plenty of fish options available for new and experienced anglers. Bank fishing lures can also help make bank fishing easier for anglers, but it all depends on the fishing techniques you employ and the fish you are looking to catch. For great bank fishing tips, you can continue reading about bank fishing, here.
What is float tube fishing?
Float tube fishing is a fun, relaxing and convenient way to fish in small rivers and streams in your area. Using float tubes for fishing can allow you to navigate narrow streams comfortably and increase your fishing range without having to pay a great deal of money. Fishing bloat tubes are an affordable way to fish on the water, without the added inconvenience of having to transport or store larger, stiffer boats and fishing gear. You can use float tubes for fly fishing, still fishing and other forms of fishing that you enjoy. There are many float tube fishing techniques for all anglers to take advantage of.
What is rock fishing?
Rock fishing is a relatively simple concept, but can be fairly complicated and dangerous. Simple rock fishing involves fishing from rocks at the shoreline of the ocean. Anglers will take their rock fishing gear and wait for low tide to pick an optimal fishing spot. Different rock fishing techniques will dictate how and where an angler will cast their line. Some rock fishing anglers will only use a hand line for rock fishing, while others will have complete rock fishing rigs that use a rod, reel and line. Whatever rock fishing equipment an angler uses, it is recommended to exercise extreme care, especially when a line snags, breaks or gets stuck on a rock. More tips for rock fishing are available here, for those anglers interested in learning more.
What is float drop lining?
Float drop liningis a method that that helps anglers fish at specific depths. Drop line fishing gear makes it easy to throw out a line with multiple hooks and affix it a certain spot on the water. The float will hold a line, hooks and additional swivels or sinkers depending on the depth you want to reach and the way in which you want your bait to move. You make a drop line fishing rig by using a bottle as a float and securely attaching your line to it without making holes in the bottle. This makes the float dropline easy to reel in and control as you cast. Float drop lining is not a techniques for beginners and usually requires much trial and error while building a successful rig. For more information on this technique, click here.
What is trotlining?
Trotlining is a common fishing method used both commercially and recreationally. Trotline fishing involves setting up a long line between two banks in a river or between two floating devices in the middle of open water. A series of hooks and swivels are attached to the main trotline and are places a few feet apart from one another. This allows trotline anglers to bait around 25 hooks at once and catch a large number of fish. However, trotline tactics have been ban in some areas and some states because they can endanger other anglers in the water or accidentally harm endangered species in the area.
What is jigging?
Jigging is a popular method of fishing that involved specific lures called jigs. Jig fishing requires more active participation from an angler than other types of fishing because the angler must constantly move the jig around to attract fish. Jigging techniques usually involve periodic tugs and jerks of the line to move the jig upward quickly and let it sink into the water slowly. Jigging for fish can involve both artificial jigs and organic ones, depending on the fish you are trying to catch. However, in jigging, the most important part is the motion provided by the angler. To learn more about jigging techniques for all fishing levels, you can continue reading here.
What is slabbing?
Slabbing is a method of fishing most often used to catch bass. Using slabs to fish involves baiting flat lures and letting them sink to the bottom before pulling your line up, and then repeating the process. Slabbing is usually done in the middle of large schools of fish in deep waters and is most successful when implemented in these areas. Different slab methods work on different types of fish other than bass when used correctly, but may require a great deal of practice. To learn more about slab techniques and how to best use them, click here.
What is trolling?
Trolling involves baiting multiple lines and slowly dragging them through the water. Trolling fishing can be done on shore or buy boat in freshwater and saltwater. Although leisurely trolling multiple baited lines behind a boat is usually easier than reeling in your main line yourself, trolling gear is designed to suit multiple fishing techniques and still have good results. Be sure to acquire troll fishing gear before you start trolling, as this gear is essential to your success. Also, keep in mind that trolling for fish is prohibited in some area and during certain season.
What is hand lining?
Hand lining is one of the oldest methods of fishing. As the name implies, hand lining refers to fishing with your hand and a line that is wrapped around a spool. The handline fishing spool holds and unwinds the line similar to a reel, but it is completely controlled by the angler. The angler is also in charge of putting the sinker, hook and bait on the line before tossing it into the water by hand. Hand lining fishing is one of the most involved fishing methods because the angler must never lose focus on the line, as they are in charge of reeling in the line by hand once they feel a bite. Handling fishing equipment is minimal compared to rod-and-reel fishing, but hand lining itself requires more skill and practice to perfect. To further explore handline fishing, click here.
What is longlining?
Longlining is an angling method most often used in commercial fishing. There are different longline fishing variations depending on the type of fish that is being caught and the casting position of the line. Longlining for seafood can be done at the surface level or at lower depths to catch different, more elusive fish species by setting multiple baited lines across one long main line. However, some deep sea longlining fishing methods can be harmful to other marine life that may swim by and get tangled in the many lines. For example, dolphins, sharks, tuna and other large, endangered marine life can be harmed if longline fishing rigs are placed in high traffic areas. Although long line fishing problems exist in commercial fishing, it is still an affordable and effective way to catch fish when done properly.