Net fishing is a method used by anglers that uses nets rather than the common fishing equipment. There are various net fishing techniques used, including cast net fishing, commercial net fishing, ghost net fishing and more. Anglers who prefer to use netting techniques will have many different options to choose from, depending on their preference. The method used may also differ for an angler, depending on the type of fish being sought.

Commercial net fishing is one of the most popular ways to use a net when fishing. Commercial anglers prefer to use nets as they can produce more catch than a simple rod or reel. There are many advantages to use fishing nets that many fishermen are unaware of. To find common ways to use a net and reasons why they are sometimes dangerous, continue reading below.

What is net fishing?

Net fishing is a commonly used technique that uses nets, or meshes, in order to catch fish. Net fishing techniques have been around for centuries, with reports of this method being used all the way back to 180 AD. Netting techniques are often used within the commercial fishing industry, but also make for a unique option during sport fishing as well. There are various types of techniques for net fishing available, with some of the most common found below.

Which types of fish can I catch with net fishing?

Net fishing techniques will provide a variety of catch depending on the method used. The type of fish caught using net fishing will depend on the technique itself. For instance a bottom trawl will target fish such as groundfish, cod, squid, halibut and rockfish since these types of fish are more bottom dwellers. Cast net fishing will produce schooling and other small fish since the net is commonly thrown by hand. Other common types of fish caught using nets include sardines, salmon, anchovies, shrimp, tuna and mackerel.

What equipment is required for net fishing?

While many anglers think net fishing is as simple as throwing a net in the water, there are specifics that are used when choosing the right equipment. For example, depending on the type of net fishing method, the rope and fishing lines used will need to be of a particular fiber and strength. The rope used in netting will need to be durable and strong in order to withstand the waters in which it is being cast. Another important piece of equipment used in conjunction with fishing nets are floats. Certain types of fishing nets will need to be kept hanging vertically within the water, which means floats will need to be adhered to the top. Floats range in size and shape and often require a particular lightweight material such as cork, wiliwili wood, plastic foam and glass.

What are the different types of net fishing methods?

There are a few common types of net fishing styles available to anglers, including trawl net fishing, ghost net fishing, gillnet fishing, cast net fishing, drift net fishing, seine net fishing, tangle net fishing and hand net fishing to name a few. Depending on the type of fish sought or equipment an angler has at his or her disposal, the techniques will vary.

What is trawl net fishing?

Trawl net fishing, also known as trawling, is a common net fishing technique that involves pulling a net through the water behind a fishing boat. A trawl net, from whence the technique got its name, is used in trawl net fishing. Many new anglers wonder “what is trawl net fishing?” and whether or not it can be done for sport rather than just commercially. There are two types of trawling fishing options, bottom trawl fishing and midwater trawling.Fishing trawlers that participate in bottom fishing drag the net as close to the sea floor as possible. Midwater trawling, also known as pelagic trawling, catches the pelagic fish such as anchovies, tuna, and shrimp which are generally what the bottom-dwelling fish hunt. Some of the risk is that as the net sweeps the bottom of the ocean floor, undesirable catch and illegal catch can be brought up as one.

What is ghost net fishing?

What is ghost net fishing and why did it affect the environment so harshly? Ghost net fishing actually refers to ghost net, which is a net left behind and typically entangled in some sort of rock or reef, catching fish and other marine life. Ghost fishing has become an issue within the commercial fishing industry as it irresponsible to allow marine life to become entrapped, injured or even killed because of a discarded net. Ghost net fishing problems became most prevalent in the early 2000s, when nets began entangling larger sea creatures such as whales, sharks, sea turtles and dolphins. One of the more frightening ghost fishing statistics is that ghost gear accounts for an estimated 10 percent of all marine litter in the world.

What is gillnet fishing?

For anglers wondering “what is gillnet fishing?” they have come to the right place. Gillnet fishing, also nicknamed gillnetting, is a common technique that fishermen use in oceans, freshwater bodies of water and estuary spots. Gillnets are different from other options because they are vertical, rather than horizontal, and set in a straight line. The way fishing with gillnets works is that a fish swims into the net and passes through only partially. As the fish attempts to free itself from the net, the twine will entangle the fish and prevent it from swimming elsewhere. There are been certain recorded gillnetting problems throughout the years which have eventually been addressed by law. For instance, large-scale gillnetting has been banned in international waters, and even certain U.S. states have deemed the practice illegal.

What is cast net fishing?

Perhaps the most popular net technique, cast net fishing is generally conducted by throwing a net into the water. Cast nets for fishing are circular in shape and have tiny weights which are evenly distributed around the edge of the net. The cast net is thrown into the water by hand, and the weights allow the net to spread out and then sink underneath the surface. The cast net fishing technique is popular as it requires little-to-know equipment and can often be performed along the shoreline of a body of water. Net throwing fishing is considered straightforward, but extremely effective and has been around for thousands of years. Many anglers who have asked, “what is cast net fishing?” have probably seen it in action without even recognizing what it was.

What is drift net fishing?

What is drift net fishing and why is it so popular amongst commercial fishermen? Drift net fishing is a common technique that uses a drift net that hangs vertically in the water without being anchored down. The drift netting technique relies on floats within the water which are attached to ropes and weights along the bottom of the net. There are many different drift net fishing pros and cons, as well as illegal drift netting, which can occur rather frequently. The problem with using a drift net is that the practice was not regulated back in the early-to-mid 1900s when these nets were extremely large in size. This became an issue when net were lost or left at sea and entangled a variety of marine life, as well as caused extreme ecological damage while dragging along the sea floor with the current.

What is seine net fishing?

Seine net fishing, also known as seining, is a technique used by deploying seine nets, which hang vertically in the water. This technique uses a net which is held down by weights, with the top edge of the net using floats for buoyancy. The seine net fishing technique is also nicknamed purse seining, as the angler pulls the bottom of the net closed, resembling a purse. The seine technique is not necessarily solely done by boat, as both river seine fishing and beach seining are popular options as well.

What is tangle net fishing?

Tangle net fishing uses a specific type of nylon net in order to collect schooling fish and even sometimes bottom-dwellers. Fishing using a tangle net is much safer than other types of nets, as it allows by-catch to be released alive, rather than just becoming a casualty during the fishing process. The use of tangle nets in fishing is common among certain countries such as Canada, where it originated, and the Philippines. The Philippines employs the use of tangle nets in fishing often near steep underwater cliffs in order to catch mollusks. The tangle net fishing method is a most popular choice for anglers, as the tangle net is known to be much less harmful than other fishing nets.

What is hand net fishing?

Hand net fishing is perhaps the most straightforward technique of them all. The hand net fishing technique uses a hand net, also known as a scoop net, which is attached to the end of a long handle. The angler dips the net into the water or along the surface and scoops up certain catch such as salmon, muskellunge or pike.

The various net fishing techniques used today are more commonly used on a commercial level. Commercial net fishing is popular because it can draw a large amount of catch in one shot. While there are still netting techniques used within the sport fishing community, it often is not as popular. Commercial fishermen should know the types of net fishing methods available, from cast net fishing to trawl net fishing. Depending on the type of fish, as well as whether or not the angler is fishing from a boat or along the shore, the fishing net technique will vary greatly.